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Ministry Formation

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Student PreachingAs the Master of Divinity (MDiv) program is a professional degree program designed to prepare persons for church-related ministries requiring ordination, Ministry Formation serves to integrate experience and academics.  Among the vocations in which MDiv students explore through Ministry Formation are congregational ministry, theological education, chaplaincy, social service, and a variety of denominational and ecumenical staff positions.


Centrality of Ministry Formation

The MDiv curriculum presupposes the centrality of ministry formation, to which the rest of the curricular program contributes in various ways. The ministry formation process provides opportunities for students to bring together ministry experience in multiple contexts, supervised reflection designed to enhance that experience, and academic course work which informs this reflection.

Ministry formation is rooted in the praxis of ministry, a process of learning ministry by doing ministry. To that end, students participate in two required ministry experiences in two different ministry contexts. The reflective process related to these experiences involves faculty, supervisor, and peers, and is designed to lead students to an integration of personal and professional identity, and academic and practical proficiency. The process also enhances the student's ability to articulate faith within concrete life experiences and the changing dynamics of today's world.


Curricular Components of Ministry Formation:


Exegeting the Call and Culture of Ministry (F110 or F110H)

This course, taken during the Junior year, explores both the call and identity of the minister and the cultural context in which specific ministries take shape. Students are required to participate in a spiritual formation group that meets weekly in conjunction with this course (F110H students meet on-line.) Students explore the various aspects of Christian Ministry with particular attention to pastoral/congregational ministry. Course texts, focused on spiritual development, the missional leader, and pastoral ministry, encourage students to explore social situations of congregational ministries as well as the social and spiritual shaping of students’ identities as ministers. Students engage in theological reflection through practicing traditional spiritual disciplines. Class presentations and discussions, specific readings, small group work, ministry site visits and an in-depth interview with a person practicing a specific ministry press students to engage specific examples of ministry and their own understanding of ministry with theological reflection. F-110 is a three hour course offered in a year-long format on the Richmond Campus (1 ½ credit hours per semester.) F110H format is a one semester as weekend intensives and significant on-line work for the Connections program (3 credit hours in one semester.)


Ministry Formation (F301H)

Each student participates in an eight to nine month, part-time ministry placement,  in an approved congregation or other ministry setting, concurrent with two semesters of classwork, often during the Middler year. This supervised experience provides the basis for reflection in a Ministry Formation group. The class component consists of on-line and weekend intensives in both semesters. F-301H is a six hour course offered in a year-long format (3 credit hours per semester.)


M Div Review (F302)

This course, often taken during the Senior year, is designed to synthesize and reflect upon each student's cumulative course work and field education experience. In preparation for this course, each student assembles a portfolio of representative papers and reports from prior courses and ministry placements. The course culminates in an interview with each student by a faculty committee to assess the student’s fulfillment of the objectives of the M. Div. Program. F-302 is a three hour course offered each fall semester on campus and alternate years as a weekend intensive (F302W.)


Ministry Formation Elective (F200, F201, or F202)

In addition to the three ministry formation courses described above, three hours of credit are granted for the second required Field Education experience and related reflection process. As noted, the second experience takes place in a different ministry context than that of the Middler year placement. It may take place at
various times during the program including:

  • Intern Year. Nine to twelve months of full-time ministry, following the guidelines of the Intern Syllabus.
  • Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE). A basic unit of CPE offered by an agency accredited by the Association for Clinical Pastoral Education (ACPE).
  • Summer Ministry. Ten weeks of full-time ministry and reflection as outlined in the Summer Ministry Syllabus.
  • Extended Ministry. The equivalent of ten weeks of full-time ministry and reflection, spread over a longer period of time.
  • Prior Ministry Experience. Credit may be granted for ministry experience within the three years preceding admission to Bethany, when the nature of the experience warrants such credit. Requirements for receiving credit for prior ministry experience are outlined in the Bethany Student Handbook.


For more information about a Ministry Formation at Bethany, refer to the Bethany Catalog, or contact:

Tara HornbackerTara Hornbacker, Professor of Ministry Formation, Missional Leadership, and Evangelism     765-983-1817


Dan PooleDan Poole, Coordinator for Ministry Formation      765-983-1812


Jeff Foster
(Certificate of Achievement in Theological Studies)

JeffFor nine years I felt the leading of God to ministry. I began my academic journey thinking that I had God all figured out. This journey began at Moody Bible Institute for several semesters, where I gleaned perspective on missions and evangelism. Because of a full-time missionary role, I suspended Moody classes to concentrate on raising support. During that time God began to speak to me about the overall disunity in our Christian church. I came to the conclusion that unity within the body of Christ is the best way to reach lost souls with greater depth. I started exploring the Anabaptist teaching and specifically the way the Church of the Brethren strives toward this vision of unity and reconciliation.